The “t” at the end of “out” should be pronounced with the front of the tongue just touching the top teeth, ready for the /ð/ sound of “the”. Notice that “of” is pronounced with the mouth relaxed into the weak vowel /ə/. This is because it is not stressed. /v/ is pronounced with top teeth touching bottom lip, while /b/ is pronounced with both lips. If you’re a Spanish speaker, this may need practice.
We say this to mean, “I’m in a bad mood”. We can change the word order, and say “I got out of bed the wrong side”. We can change the pronoun, and say it to, or about, another person also.